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Violence

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Abusers disempower their victims in any way they possibly can in order to gain the upper hand. This can result in what is known as Learned Helplessness, a theory Martin Seligman introduced based on research he conducted at Cornell University in 1967. From Wikipedia: “Learned Helplessness is a psychological condition in which a human being or animal has learned to believe that it is helpless in a particular situation. It has come to believe that it has no control over its situation and that whatever it does is futile. As a result, the human being or animal will stay passive in the face of an unpleasant, harmful or damaging situation, even when it does actually have the power to change its circumstances. Learned helplessness theory is the view that depression results from a perceived lack of control over the events in one’s life, which may result from prior exposure to…

“If you think that rape is wrong for the wrong reasons, you are part of the problem. The reasons we condemn rape often strengthen the same power structures that lead to rape in the first place. The common arguments against rape are also the common contributing factors to female oppression, denial of female agency and sexual violence as a tool of punishment.” Join Shreena Thakore as she deconstructs the complexities of rape culture in an Indian setting and elucidates the right reasons to think that rape is wrong. Shreena Thakore is the co-founder of No Country for Women – an organization dedicated to fighting institutionalized rape culture in India. Their work focuses on bridging the gap between academia and activism, and has gained significant national and international recognition. She studied at Brown University, USA.

UK announced in 2014 that a new domestic abuse offence of “coercive and controlling behavior” was to be introduced, which carries a penalty of up to five years in prison – as well as a fine. This was to help victims identify the behavior they are suffering as wrong and encourage them to report it, as well as cause perpetrators to rethink their controlling behavior. Controlling or coercive behavior does not relate to a single incident alone, but it is a purposeful pattern of behavior which takes place over time in order for one individual to exert power, control or coercion over another individual.  Controlling behavior is: a range of acts designed to make a person subordinate and/or dependent by isolating them from sources of support, exploiting their resources and capacities for personal gain, depriving them of the means needed for independence, resistance and escape and regulating their everyday behavior.…

Nationally and internationally there are growing concerns about sexual and domestic violence and this extends to the experience of students in higher institutions. Sexual violence and domestic abuse are public health problems in society – and they are issues that students in universities encounter which has the potential to disrupt their education and change the course of their lives if not handled properly. One 2011 study reported that during their time at university, 25% of female students in the UK had experienced sexual assault, 7% were subject to a serious sexual assault and 68% were subject to physical or verbal sexual harassment on campus. A new study has also found that some students – both male and female – hold myths about sexual violence and domestic abuse when they arrive at university. These include rape myths such as believing that the victim brought it on herself by her behavior or her consumption of…

In episode 3 of ‘Big Little Lies’, the couple is drinking wine in front of a fire, a portrait of domestic bliss, when Perry finds out that Celeste and the kids are going to Disney on Ice without him. He accuses her of purposely excluding him, and grabs her roughly by the neck. When she protests that he is hurting her, he flips the statement around. “Oh, I’m hurting you? he scoffs. “Can we talk about how much you hurt me?”   It is her fault, he means. She hurt him first. He is the true victim. A victim might wonder, ‘Doesn’t everyone fight?’, ‘what is even normal in intimate relationships?’ In as much as it is important for victims to admit to themselves that what they’re experiencing is abuse, they also need to be emotionally ready to deal with the consequences. Once they recognize they are in danger, the…